Photos are valuable reminders of our past and help us connect with it. They evoke memories of all the wonderful times and help us remember the feelings, stories, places, people, etc. In olden times, people did not have the advantage of using memory cards to store pictures like today. They used regular old film cameras to print out the pictures after getting film rolls developed.

Sadly, the life span of these pictures was not long. With time, the photographs used to wear out. It is because the quality of ink and photo paper used was not as good as today. Apart from that, there were other reasons that could damage the images such as fading of the ink, tearing of edges, and appearance of creases, marks, stains, etc. However, now you don’t have to worry about such issues after the advent of digital technology. It has brought in many tools that can help in eliminating the blurry pictures, edit and retouch images, and restore the old photos to bring back its original form.

This article focuses on the widely used technique for reviving old and damaged images, i.e., photo restoration and the 10 important ways of achieving it with perfection.

What is Photo Restoration?

You might have noticed that the photographs taken a couple of decades ago do not look as good as before. Besides, as the day passes, they tend to degrade and fade. In addition to that, external factors such as tearing, ripping, stains, water, fire, etc. can also cause damage to the printed photographs. However, these effects can now be reversed or reduced with the help of photo restoration services. These services mostly incorporate the use of photo restoration techniques, where digital restoration tools are employed to convert the photographs into digital images. Then, professional photo editors work on it to fix the damages and improve the overall quality and appeal.

Nowadays, apart from professional designers and image editors, photo restoration has also become accessible to the general public because of the development of consumer-grade scanners and various photo editing tools like Adobe Photoshop. We are also going to discuss that later in the article. So, with the use of the scanner and software, even a layman can try restoring the photographs and bring back to its original form. However, this does not guarantee success. The whole process is a lot more complicated, therefore it requires years of training and practice for truly mastering it. It is one of the main reasons why people opt for companies offering high-quality old photo restoration services

10 Ways of Using Photo Restoration for Repairing the Old Photos

For repairing the old and distorted images, we have listed down several steps that are usually followed and recommended by the expert companies in the industry.

1. Scan the image

Before you start with the process of digital restoration, you need to scan the original photo or film negative. For this, you need to have good scanning equipment at your disposal. A quick tip is to use flatbed scanners instead of sheetfed scanners since they offer much higher quality. So, while setting up the scanner, try to set the dot per inch (DPI) resolution to 400-600 for photo prints and several times the aforementioned resolution for film negatives. Precision should be 16-bits per channel and 48-bits in total color depth so that the digital file can withstand more retouching. In addition to this, you can save the scanned file in TIFF file format to maximize the preservation of details.

2. Analyze the damage

Once the image is scanned, open it in the desired photo editing software to analyze the damage and devise a plan. A good rule in photo editing is to cover the overall edits first before shifting your attention to the specific areas. So, go for the overall tonal adjustments or fix up the rips, dust, or creases before you adjust the tone and contrast of the whole image.

3. Adjust the levels and curves

The level and curve adjustment tools are often provided by most of the image editing software to set the levels and contrast within the image. Droppers might be also available, which can be used to perform a quick level adjustment and bring back the tone under control. The droppers are usually available in different colors to target specific points in the image. You will start noticing an immediate improvement in the overall appearance of the picture after using it.

4. Go for the details

Once you are done with the global adjustments, you can start focusing on the specific areas. Zoom in the image and try to address any slightly visible imperfection. There might be spots, tears, irregular stains, or marking in the old pictures. For removing it, you can use the Clone Stamp and Spot Healing Brush during the process of image restoration. Besides, mold damages and darkened stains can also be restored with it. The tool usually reads the surrounding pixels and uses it to cover up or repair the damages.

5. Crop to get cleaner images

In this case, you might have to isolate a particular individual or object through photo manipulation. Techniques such as cropping and selection can be really helpful and greatly enhance the looks by isolating an object or individual from the image. These images can later be retouched to create a simplistic view. For cropping out the unwanted edges from the scanned photo, you can also try using the Marquee tool.

6. Enlarge small-sized images

When it comes to restoring the passport-sized photographs, you first need to scan and scale them so that they appear large. It will ensure that pixelation is not an issue later. With the help of digital photo restoration, you can seamlessly retain the quality of the image while enlarging it to the desired size.

7. Restore the faded images

Fading is another phenomenon that tends to occur over time. However, it is also possible to fix it with the help of various image restoration techniques. Apart from time, sunlight and dampness are other factors that can lead to fading. In that case, you can use the tinting technique to eliminate it. However, this method is somewhat tricky. So, if there is any such requirement, it is better to choose a professional company offering appropriate tinting services to carry out the task.  Properly tinted snaps will reassure the rich look in an image.

8. Repair damages caused by fire and water

Ink marks, fire burns, and water-soaked images require utmost care while processing. Therefore, it is also advised to look for a professional photo restoration company for repairing it and assisting you with the task. Perfectly copied selections and careful manipulation will help to restore the damages to a greater extent.

9. Fix up the torn images

Images that are kept for decades in the glass frames can be susceptible to tears and scratches. For this, you need to pay special attention to revitalize it. These photos need to be stitched back to recreate the original picture. There will also be missing parts of the photograph, which will require further copying and editing. Therefore, you need to use the existing parts of the same picture to fill up the missing areas for giving it a clean and refurbished look.

10. Final output is ready

Once you have addressed every imperfection, you can finally admire the results and the time you have spent for carrying out the whole process. The final image will now be ready to use and will have the charm it had lost a while ago. So, don’t be afraid to try it, and you will see that with a bit of practice, you can easily achieve the desired results you want.

Careful judgment and decision is a critical aspect of the photo restoration method. So, before you start with the process, make sure to know what you are hoping to accomplish with it. Know whether maintaining the original form of the image is even important or not. Also, figure out the different aspects that need improvisation to the maximum. The answers to the above questions are really important if you want to get the results as per your expectations. For example, if you are doing it just for fun or practice, then it better not to tamper with the client’s image or any photo that is valuable to you. However, if it is really important, then you can outsource the images to a reputed photo repair service provider in the industry. It will take some time and patience to research and choose a particular company for the job. However, the results will be worth the time and money spent.